Perbandingan Biaya Jaringan dan Kelayakan Teknologi LTE pada Frekuensi 900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 2100 MHz, & 2300 MHz untuk Mendukung Rencana Pita Lebar di Indonesia [Comparison of Network Cost & Feasibility LTE Technology to Support Broadband Plan in Indonesia]

Sri Ariyanti

Abstract


Abstrak

Penelitian ini bertujuan membandingkan besarnya biaya penyelenggaraan teknologi LTE pada pita frekuensi 900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 2100 MHz, dan 2300 MHz. Selain itu, dilakukan cost benefit analysis untuk melihat kelayakan bisnis teknologi LTE pada frekuensi tersebut. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif dengan melakukan perhitungan link budget dan capacity dimensioning untuk memperoleh jumlah infrastruktur yang dibutuhkan, serta melakukan perhitungan biaya dan pendapatan untuk dilakukan cost benefit analysis (CBA). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pembiayaan operasional terbesar pada pembangunan jaringan LTE adalah BHP, kemudian disusul dengan harga sewa site. Biaya terbesar ada pada penggunaan pita frekuensi 2100 MHz dikarenakan BHP pita tersebut paling tinggi dibanding dengan frekuensi lainnya. Dari keempat frekuensi tersebut, frekuensi 2300 MHz paling layak digunakan, karena nilai BHP yang paling rendah dibanding frekuensi yang lain.  Berdasarkan hasil perhitungan, pembangunan jaringan LTE pada keempat frekuensi tersebut layak dilakukan, dengan internal rate of return (IRR) terbesar pada pita frekuensi 2300 MHz.

 

Abstract

This study aims to compare the cost of developing LTE technology at 900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 2100 MHz, and 2300 MHz frequencies. In addition, cost-benefit analysis is carried out to find the feasibility of LTE technology business at those frequencies. This study uses a quantitative approach by conducting link budget and capacity dimensioning to obtain the number of cellular infrastructures. This study identifies and calculates cost and revenue for conducting cost-benefit analysis (CBA). The result shows that the most significant operational cost of LTE network development is BHP frequency (frequency license fee,) followed by site leasing cost. The most significant cost of LTE planning development from those frequencies is at 2100 MHz, because the frequency license fee of that frequency is the most expensive one among the other frequencies. The frequency of 2300 MHz is the most feasible frequency to use, since the frequency 2300 MHz license fee is the cheapest one among the other frequencies. According to the calculation result, LTE development at those frequencies is feasible, with the largest internal rate of return (IRR) is in the frequency of 2300 MHz.


Keywords


cost; LTE; frequency

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17933/bpostel.2019.170101

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