Kajian Tekno-Ekonomi pada Telehealth di Indonesia

Sri Ariyanti, Kautsarina Kautsarina

Abstract


Program telehealth di Indonesia dapat menjangkau masyarakat yang berada di daerah terluar dan perbatasan, dimana fasilitas pelayanan kesehatan belum merata ketersediaannya. Penelitian ini bertujuan memperoleh potensi implementasi telehealth di Indonesia dengan menggunakan pendekatan analisis dari segi ekonomi dan teknologi. Metode penelitian menggunakan pendekatan data kuantitatif yang didukung dengan data kualitatif. Perhitungan biaya program telehealth dalam penelitian ini direncanakan untuk puskesmas yang berada di daerah tertinggal di seluruh Indonesia dalam kurun waktu lima tahun (2016-2020). Hasil kajian menunjukkan bahwa biaya program telehealth untuk sektor kesehatan di Indonesia cukup besar. Biaya terbesar pada tahun keempat yaitu berkisar Rp 180 Miliar. Meskipun demikian biaya tersebut masih terjangkau dari anggaran pemerintah yang dialokasikan untuk Kementerian Kesehatan. Program telehealth juga dapat menjadi tonggak untuk implementasi Internet of Things di sektor kesehatan bagi masyarakat publik.  Maka dari itu, implementasi telehealth sangat mungkin diterapkan di Indonesia.

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Telehealth program can reach people in the rural area, where health service facilities are not yet equitable. This study aims to obtain the potential implementation of telehealth in Indonesia by using techno-economic approach. The research method uses quantitative data approach supported by qualitative data. The results of the study indicate that the cost of the telehealth program for the health sector in Indonesia is quite large, but still affordable from the government budget allocated to the Ministry of Health. In addition, telehealth can also be a milestone for the implementation of the Internet of Things in the health sector for the public. Therefore, telehealth implementation is very possible to be applied in Indonesia.


Keywords


Telehealth; Telemedis; Tekno-ekonomi

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17933/bpostel.2017.150104

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